Tigers are known for their superior hunting abilities. A large part of their success in this activity lies in their acute sense of hearing. They need to be able to detect potential victims and dangers in the dense foliage around them.
Often, tigers live and hunt in areas that enjoy dense vegetation, concealing them, but also concealing the prey that they need in order to survive. To overcome this challenge, the hunter’s hearing must be extremely sharp so that the tiger does not miss an important opportunity to get food.
One of the most practically advantageous features of the tiger’s structure in terms of its hearing is that its ears, situated on top of its head, are able to swivel around. This allows them to direct their ears to the area from which a sound is coming,honing in on the sound much the way a radar dish would.
This is especially effective in the receiving of high-frequency sounds that may otherwise be muffled within the dense vegetation of the tiger’s habitat. For this reason, this sense is the most commonly and effectively used for hunting.
Tigers are believed to be able to hear in the range of 0.2 kHz and 65 kHz, which is considerably different to the frequency at which humans hear. We have a hearing range of about 0.02 kHz and 20 kHz. High-pitched noises are clearly more intense for cats, both wild and domestic, than they are to humans. This allows them to hear the tiny movements, squeaks and other noises of potential prey that would escape our field of hearing completely.
The tiger’s sense of hearing is an important, even life-saving, one to these solitary hunters.